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The USA TODAY Network is commemorating the th anniversary of the 19th Amendment, in which women gained the right to vote, by recognizing women from each state and the District of Columbia who had a ificant influence at home and across the country as Women of the Century. A panel of Louisiana historians, journalists, political pioneers and caretakers of our culture — all women — chose our top 10 from nominees generated from both the public and the panelists.
Some seemingly obvious choices, like Madam C. Kathleen Blanco, the only woman to serve as governor in Louisiana, guided the state through its worst natural disaster after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita. The New Iberia native was elected in to the Louisiana House of Representatives, the first female legislator from Lafayette. Inshe became the first woman to be elected to the Louisiana Public Service Commission. She also became the first female chairman of the Public Service Commission.
Throughout her time as governor, she focused on affordable health care, better education and economic development initiatives. She left public office in While there, she became an editor of the student newspaper and met her future husband, Hale Boggs.
Inshe won a special congressional election to succeed her husband, who died in office in a plane crash. During her time, she championed the Equal Credit Opportunity Act ofbanning discrimination based on sex or marital status.
When the House banking committee marked up the measure, she added the provision banning discrimination due to sex or marital status -- without New Orleans girl benefits the other members of the committee -- and produced copies of the new versions of the bill.
She also became the first woman to preside over a national political convention when she did so at the Democratic National Convention. Leah Chase is known for her Dooky Chase restaurant in New Orleans, the gathering place for the civil rights movement in the s. Before the African American woman earned her title as the Queen of Creole Cuisine, Chase worked as the first woman to mark racehorse boards for local bookies. She also managed two amateur boxers. Through her husband, she obtained a a food stand and converted it into a sit-down restaurant.
She created a menu that reflected her family's Creole recipes, including dishes typically sold in whites-only restaurants. Dooky Chase also acted as a gallery for African American art. Chase, who studied art in high school, visited an art museum for the first time when she was She is referred to as "The Queen of Gospel," having paved the way for Black gospel and secular music. Jackson started singing as at Mount Moriah Baptist Church. After moving to Chicago as a teen, she ed the Greater Salem Baptist Church and soon became a member of the Johnson Gospel Singers, one of the earliest professional gospel groups.
Inshe recorded "Move On Up a Little Higher," which sold 8 million copies and became the highest-selling gospel single in history. InJackson ed with Columbia Records, becoming the first Black gospel singer on a major label. Her principle performances include President John F. Bernette Joshua Johnson is the first African American to serve on the Louisiana Supreme Court, and the first African American woman to serve as both associate justice and chief justice.
She was one of the first African American women to graduate from the state Paul M. She was the managing attorney at the New Orleans Legal Assistance from toserving clients in socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods. Johnson served as deputy city attorney in New Orleans from to She was elected in as the first woman to the Civil District Court.
She championed many successful initiatives, such as training and certifying the Limited English Proficiency Interpreters in the courts. A vital leader of New Orleans' civil rights movement, Oretha Castle Haley was born in Oakland, Tennessee, and moved to the Crescent City with her family when she was 7. Haley became active in the civil rights movement in while enrolled at Southern University of New Orleans. She challenged segregated facilities and promoted voter registration in New Orleans and rural Louisiana. InHaley and three others were arrested for picketing, sitting-in and distributing leaflets calling for the boycott of a Woolworths.
That case, Lombard, et al v. Louisiana, served as one of the most important U. Supreme Court cases during the Civil Rights movement, establishing that the arrest violated the 14th Amendment. Musician who helped record one of the first known examples of Cajun music. Musician and singer Cleoma Breaux Falcon, who New Orleans girl benefits later go on to record the first Cajun record with her husband, was born in Crowley. She came from a family of influential Cajun musicians and mastered the accordion and fiddle.
Throughout the s and s, she performed around Crowley with her brothers. During the next 10 years, the Falcons and the Breaux family would record nearly songs on labels including Columbia, Decca, and Bluebird. Among the first African American children to desegregate Southern schools, Ruby Bridges was born in Tylertown, Mississippi, and later moved to New Orleans with her family. A federal court ordered Louisiana to desegregate its schools six years after the landmark Brown v. Board of Education ruling. Black students who wanted to attend a white school had to pass a test and families had to pass background checks.
Bridges was one of six students who passed. At age 6, Bridges and her mother were escorted into William Frantz Elementary School by four federal marshals. She faced racial slurs and screaming crowds, and was in a class by herself all year.
Bridges graduated New Orleans girl benefits a desegregated high school and went on to be a travel agent. Inshe established the Ruby Bridges Foundation, which specializes in conflict management and diversity education. Now she teaches children to get past racial differences.
A passionate advocate for women's rights and someone who also championed educational reform and racial justice, Sarah Towles Reed founded the first teachers union in New Orleans. Born at Ouida Plantation near St. Francisville, Reed moved to New Orleans with her family as. Reed helped pass legislation securing equal pay for women teachers and helped overturn a prohibition of employing married women teachers. She helped organize the first black teachers' union in New Orleans and worked closely with African American colleagues for salary raises.
After retiring, Reed continued to be an outspoken advocate for teachers fighting for retirement benefits and pay raises. Hunter used varying surfaces — canvas, wood, snuff boxes, iron pots — to record everyday life at Melrose Plantation where she worked. Many of her figures are African American, including women portrayed as working in the cotton fields. Hunter is perhaps best known for the nine room-size murals she painted on the walls of the African House, an outbuilding in the Melrose plantation complex.
Though Hunter sold her paintings for as little as 25 cents in her earliest years as an artist, her works are now priced in the thousands of dollars. Sources used in the Women of the Century list project include newspaper articles, state archives, historical websites, encyclopedias and other resources. Facebook Twitter. Show caption Hide caption. Published pm UTC Aug.New Orleans girl benefits
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