Added: Marlo Lohmann - Date: 20.09.2021 21:52 - Views: 46814 - Clicks: 2005
The First World War brought many changes in the lives of British women. It is often represented as having had a wholly positive impact, opening up new opportunities in the world of work and strengthening their case for the right to vote. The reality is more complex. Not all of the opportunities the war provided to women were entirely positive or long lasting. Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. Afterwhen the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large s.
By almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work. The first women police officers served during the First World War. They also carried out inspections of women to ensure that they did not take anything into the factories which might cause explosions. As is shown here, they also patrolled other public areas such as railway stations, streets, parks and public houses.
One of the areas of employment where new opportunities opened up for women was in transport. Women began working as bus conductresses, ticket collectors, porters, carriage cleaners and bus drivers. During the war the of women working on the railways rose from 9, to 50, While new jobs did become available to women during wartime, many of these opportunities were closed to them after the war as servicemen returned to their jobs. For women with children who wanted — or needed — to take on paid work, childcare could be a problem.
The pressing need for women to work in munitions did prompt the government to provide some funds towards the cost of day nurseries for munitions workers, and by there were more than day nurseries across the country. However, there was no provision for women working in any other form of employment and most had to rely on friends and family to help care for their children while they were at work. Munitions work was relatively well paid - especially for women ly employed in domestic service. But it was often unpleasant, dangerous and involved working long hours.
Women in large shell filling factories worked with TNT. This poisonous explosive could cause a potentially fatal condition called toxic jaundice, indicated by the skin turning yellow. There were also several devastating explosions in which women workers were killed. The aftermath of one of the worst, at Chilwell, Nottinghamshire is shown in this photograph. Pressure from women for their own uniformed service to assist the war effort began in August Inglis herself went to Serbia to treat the sick and wounded. This is a jacket worn by her during the war. Working together in large s opened up new leisure and recreation opportunities for women.
Sport was encouraged amongst female workers as it was thought to be good for their health and general moral wellbeing. Founded intheir matches drew large crowds. They continued to enjoy success until women were banned from playing in Football League grounds in It used militant campaigning to try to gain women the vote. Its members were known as suffragettes. This recognised the need to support the war effort, but also that such support could ultimately benefit the campaign. This tactic appeared to pay off. In Februarythe Representation of the People Act gave the vote to all men over 21 years of age and to women over However it was another ten years later before this was extended to women over In DecemberLady Astor became the first woman to take a seat in Parliament.
At the time - and in subsequent years - Are there any women that know how was felt that the losses amounted to a 'lost generation' of young men. During the s, newspaper headlines talked of 'surplus' women who would never find husbands.
While many middle class women did remain unmarried due to the lack of available men in the relatively narrow social sphere in which they moved, some women in this period remained single by choice or by financial necessity.
Professions such as teaching and medicine were opening up to women, but only if they remained unmarried. Women serving in the auxiliary services or working in manufacturing, transport and on the land wore a range of uniforms and clothes, sometimes including trousers.
As illustrated on this poster, by many fashionable young women were wearing shorter skirts and looser-waisted clothing. Enjoy fascinating stories about the First World War and other conflicts sent straight to your inbox. Shop for Machining inch Shells by Anna Airy. A Bus Conductress,by Victoria Monkhouse. Uniforms and inia. Watch on.
Did the First World War transform women's lives? Delving into the IWM film and sound archives, we uncover some incredible true stories of the women who served and worked during the First World War. IWM Shop. Explore our online shop for products inspired by people's experience of conflict. Buy now. up to our enews. Address up.
Related Content. From ambulance drivers to translators, women served Britain in a variety of ways during the First World War. Discover their stories now. The First World War was fought on a huge industrial scale. Munitions were needed in vast quantities to feed the guns and a variety of products were required to supply both military and civilian needs. Inthe Women's Institute WI celebrates its centenary.
The idea for the WI came from Canada where the movement was formed in to help connect women in isolated rural areas. Share this Share on twitter Share on facebook.Are there any women that know how
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